The story of

La Mancha

The La Mancha region is located in the southern plateau of the provinces of Albacete, Ciudad Real, Cuenca and Toledo. It is the largest wine region in Spain and the world.

Although the La Mancha production area officially became a DO producing area in 1976, it is actually one of the oldest wine producing regions in Spain. According to relevant records, the region has been planting grapes as early as the 12th century, and the ancient Romans introduced the first vines. The production of wine began in the 1940s, when local wine farmers established a number of wine cooperatives. The grape growing industry is the economic pillar of several autonomous municipalities in the producing area.

The climate of this producing area is extremely continental. The temperature in summer is usually between 40 and 45 °C, and the temperature in winter is between -10 and 12 °C. The rainfall is very low, and the annual average is about 375 mm. This climatic condition makes the growth of grapes a challenging subject. The local grape varieties adapt to the tough climatic conditions here and produce a steady amount of wine every year. The white grape variety Airen adapts to the climatic conditions here, and most of the white wines in the La Mancha region are made from Aylon grapes. This wine is refreshing and affordable, but the taste is slightly flawed. Therefore, many Ayilan grapes are distilled to produce brandy and industrial alcohol.

Although the Aylon grape is important in the La Mancha region, the region’s red wine is the best quality wine in the region. The local red wines range in style from affordable, ready-to-drink red wines to outstanding vintages. Tempranillo is the most important red grape variety. The young red wine made from Tanjung is pure in color and pleasant in fruit, with the unique aroma of the variety, rich in taste and meaty. The wines that are cooked in the barrel not only retain these characteristics, but also have a smoother taste. In addition, the region uses Cabernet Sauvignon to brew a single variety of wines, which are well characterized by the variety of light in the area.

Soil

The terrain of the area is flat and the vineyard is located at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level. The soil is generally sandy, calcareous and sticky.

Climate

Extreme continental climate, summer temperature is often between 40 and 45 degrees Celsius, winter temperature is between minus 10 and 12 degrees Celsius, rainfall is very low, about 375 mm per year.

Grape

There are a total of 26 legal varieties in the La Mancha region, including 14 red varieties and 12 white varieties. The white grape variety Airen has the largest proportion; the red grape variety Cecibel has the largest proportion.

Sunshine

The abundant sunshine (about 3000h/year) allows the grapes to mature normally, and the excessive heat in some years has become a challenge in the region. High temperatures are also moderated by altitude.

Vineyard

Although Airén is the main cultivar of La Mancha (32%), the red grapes of La Mancha are the best wines of the region. The local red wines range in style from affordable, ready-to-drink red wines to outstanding vintages.

Winery

The Gardel Winery, a member of the Spanish Fine Wines Alliance, is located in the heart of the famous La Mancha production area.

La Mancha

Location

Spain_La_Mancha

Castilla–La Mancha is located in the very heart of the entire Iberian Peninsula. It has a very typical plateau and continental climate. The temperature difference between day and night is extremely severe, and many economic farming is difficult to develop in this area. However, such a severe climate environment also provides a very good growth space for grapes. Castilla–La Mancha’s vineyard area and wine output account for about two-thirds of Spain’s total, and more than 400,000 hectares of grapes. The garden area is the highest in the world.

The story of

Rioja

Rioja is located in the north-central part of Spain, and the name of Rioja comes from the local Oja River (Rio means River River in Spanish). The Rioja wine region can be subdivided into three producing regions: Rioja Alta, Rioja Baja and Rioja Alavesa. In general, the wines produced in Rioja and Rioja Aravissa are superior to the wines produced in Rioja.

Although the soil types in the three production areas of Rioja are different, the climatic conditions in the producing areas are almost the same. Upper Rioja has a relatively high altitude and a cooler temperature, so the wines produced here contain higher tannins and acidity than the Rioja wines. In addition, the clay in parts of Upper Rioja is rich in iron oxide, so it will show red soil, and this soil also gives the wine a different flavor. Rioja Aravissa is adjacent to the Upper Rioja region, but the wines produced here are fuller and the wine is thicker, thanks to the poor soil here. Lower Rioja is distributed along the alluvial plains of the Ebro River. The temperature is right and the weather is good. It belongs to the typical Mediterranean climate.

The most famous grape variety in the Rioja region is the Tanjung, and of course there are other grape varieties, such as Grenache, Graciano and Mastro, which are mainly used for blending wines. Of course, there are also some more alternative wineries in the region, they only use one grape variety to make wine, and their winemaking method is very different from the winemaking method of the adjacent French Rhone Valley.

Soil

The different soil types and microclimates in the production area contribute to the diversity of wines in the Rioja region. The winemakers in Rioja often mix different wine regions and different varieties of wine to obtain a more style. Complete wine.

Climate

The Cantabrian Mountain Ranges in the northern part of the Rioja region block the cold and cold air from the Atlantic Ocean, protecting the area from strong winds and warm and dry climates, making it more suitable for grape growing.

Grape

Tanjung is the main red grape variety of Rioja, with a planting area of more than 75%, which can be seen in almost all Rioja red wines.

Sunshine

The abundant sunshine (about 3000h/year) allows the grapes to mature normally, and the excessive heat in some years has become a challenge in the region. High temperatures are also moderated by altitude.

Vineyard

The most famous grape variety in the Rioja region is the Tanjung, and of course there are other grape varieties, such as Grenache, Graciano and Mastro, which are mainly used for blending wines.

Winery

The Spanish Fine Wines Alliance members Nubori Winery and ViRei Winery are located in the famous Rioja production area.

Rioja

Location

Spain_La_Rioja

The Rioja region is bordered by the Sierra Cantabria in the north and is distributed on both banks of the Ebro River. The northern stream of Río Oja, which originated in the Sierra de la Demanda, flows into the Ebro River in Rioo’s wine town of Haro, and flows southeast into the Mediterranean Sea. The Rioja Autonomous Region is named after the Oha River.